The deposition of plastic waste in the atmosphere is globally a serious matter of concern and the whole world has to struggle and reunite for cleaning the environment. Earlier Polyethylene has been considered as a non-biodegradable material, but after so many years of research, scientists of Japan have recently discovered a new strain of bacteria that can help to solve the plastic pollution which is the world’s biggest fast growing problem. This can be good news for all of us in order to save the environment from the harmful effects of plastics. The bacterial strain break downs the PET (Polyethylene terephthalate) plastic, which is commonly used for packaging bottled drinks, cosmetics and household articles. According to studies, Ideonella sakaiensis with the help of two enzymes hydrolyze the plastic and yield into the basic building blocks that ultimately help in growth.
A Chinese researcher, Jun Yang had plastic bags full of millet in his pantry and he observed small holes in the plastic bags. He also perceived moths along with their larvae in the bags. He and other researchers concluded that the hungry larvae may consume the plastic material; they then analyzed the bacterial gut and discovered that few larvae eat plastic as the source of energy and carbon. Polyethylene chewing bacteria were observed in the guts of the plodia interpunctella moth larvae. This research evidence inspired all the other scientists to search more about the polyethylene degraded bacteria around the globe.
But, still there are certain issues which need much more research in this field like how much toxins and harmful chemicals are liberated during the process of decomposition.
Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for analyzing various types of microbiological tests for isolating different strains of microorganisms. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.
On the basis of analytical reports, only of the plastic waste material is gathered for recycling and if nothing is done in this area of plastic pollution, and then there will be more of plastic waste on the earth’s surface than that of the all other living beings. Plastic take hundreds of years for natural decomposition. According to the research scientists, plastic waste in the ocean is hazardous for the marine and aquatic life. The discovered bacterial strain digests and assimilates plastic products like water bottles. It also eats low grade plastic in about six weeks.