Mysterious Death – Caused by Litchi Fruit in Bihar

In India, Bihar is the largest producer of Litchi fruit. It is a popular juicy and flavourful fruit during the summer season, but has complex nature. A number of school going children died after eating Litchis in Bihar. Health experts found that Litchi seed consists of certain kinds of amino acids, which negatively affects the blood glucose levels in the body. According to a study the toxic amino acids are generally present in immature fruit that becomes fatal with an outbreak of acute encephalopathy causes convulsions and coma in the Muzaffarpur region in Bihar linked with the toxicity of hypoglycin A and MCPG. This disease mostly affected poor and malnourished children. In order to reduce the illness as well as casualties in the area, experts suggested the minimum consumption of litchi and it is further advised to take the proper meal, particularly the dinner so, that the fruit does not affect the glucose level. This happened because children used to consume litchi fruit all over the day from the nearby orchards and most of them skipped their dinner. The study revealed that after consumption of litchi fruit two-third of the sick children found toxic amino acids in their urine samples. These toxic substances impaired with the synthesis of glucose in the body which is associated with dangerously low blood glucose level and unconscious in the middle of the night or in the early morning. In this situation, effected children, then, immediately rushed to the hospital, they should be treated immediately for correcting their blood glucose level, muscle weakness, nervous system disorder.

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Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for analyzing all the physical and biochemical parameters in the given food samples. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Identify The Real Gold Jewelry at your Door Step

By performing some simple experiments at home one can easily identify the fake and real gold jewelry like checking for stamp markings, attraction towards the magnet, density test, nitric acid test. Further, scratching of gold jewelry against the ceramic surface is another method for testing real jewelry.

Jewelry Testing Labs

Marking Test Most of the gold jewelers mark their stamps (by denoting the karatage of gold) on the gold jewelry designed by them.

Magnetic Test It is another method for identification of gold purity. If the jewelry sticks to the magnet, then the jewelry is not real because real gold has no magnetic attraction and does not stick to the magnet.

Density Test This test can be performed by placing the jewelry in a beaker of water, if it sinks, then, the jewelry is of real gold because gold has greater density than any other metal.

Acid Test For, performing this test, nitric acid is used. By putting some drops of nitric acid on the gold jewelry shows no reaction as, gold is a non reactive metal whereas, fake jewelry changes its colour.

Scratch Test On scratching the real gold jewelry against a ceramic plate or tiles leaves a golden streak, however, dark or black coloured streak observed in case of fake jewelry. Discoloration occurs in the false jewelry on wearing this.

The most accurate tests for testing the purity of gold are performed by using fluorescence spectrometers (XRF). Such type of instruments sends X-rays through the tested sample. The atoms of the tested material become excited and move into a higher energy state and release energy in the form of radiation while returning into their ground state. XRF detects as well as read the radiation. By observing the radiation, we can easily find out the material by which the jewelry is made of.

We can also clean the gold jewelry at home by adopting simple and small process of cleaning with the household articles like dish detergent, water and tooth brush. Take small amount of dishwashing detergent or soap into a bowl containing water; soak the gold jewelry into the solution for at least 15 minutes. Now, take out the jewelry from the soap solution and gently clean the surface of jewelry with the help of a soft bristled tooth brush. Finally, rinsing is done with warm water and then, dries it with a muslin cloth. The gold jewelry leads to shinier as well as brighter.

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for testing the purity of metals including gold. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Things you need to know about Carcinogenic Nickel Jewelry

Nickel is a heavy metal generally used for making magnets, buttons, zippers, watches, keys, jewelry, coins, stainless steel, electronics, and tools for various machines. An attractive appearance and beautiful mirror finish can be obtained by nickel plating. Nickel metal is greatly used in refining, electroplating and welding industries. Further, things having a shining appearance may contain nickel that is why most of the jewelry articles such as earrings, necklaces, bracelets, rings, chains, bangles, etc. consist of nickel, but people should avoid such jewelry and only choose nickel free jewelry. This is due to the release of nickel ions from the metals and easily reacts with the skin to cause skin allergy and eczema. Media should step forward in order to create public awareness and drawing attention of government towards reducing the metal toxicity and various health issues.

Jewelry testing labs

But, nickel is a toxic and carcinogenic metal and its exposure has a significant health issues as well as it create environmental pollution. Exposure to this metal leads to risk of several diseases like lung cancer, breast cancer, heart troubles, and neurological disorders, depression, hormonal imbalance, infertility, birth defects, miscarriage, fibrosis, skin irritation, dysfunctions of the liver and kidneys, high blood pressure and high levels of cholesterol. Moreover, workers who are supposed to inhale dust and fumes loaded with nickel are more prone to these above-mentioned disorders.

On the basis of the metal toxicity Government should take strict and necessary action for the safety of the common people and the environment-

  1. The Government should ban all the import and manufacturing of the jewelry which consist of toxic metals.
  2. Concerned departments should take immediate and strict action against towards the shopkeepers and jewelers who are involved in selling such toxic accessories.
  3. General awareness should be encouraged by the media, NGO’s and other government organizations, among the common people, shopkeepers, retailers, wholesalers and importers for not selling and purchasing the jewelries loaded with heavy and toxic metal.
  4. Government should establish the facilities of testing laboratories.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for detection of heavy metals in jewelry. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

What is Organic Food- Let’s take a Look

Now a days organic food is gaining popularity among the consumers. The term organic means the agricultural crops should grow without using chemical pesticides, bioengineered genes, and petroleum and sewage sludge waste fertilizers. Organic produce grown with the natural fertilizers such as manure and compost, crop rotation method is used for controlling weeds or unwanted plants and moreover, pests, insects and rodents are controlled using natural methods like birds, insects, traps and naturally produced pesticides. On the contrary, to those conventionally grown agricultural produce only grown with chemical fertilizers, weeds and pests are controlled by chemical herbicides and insecticides.

Agro Product Testing Labs

Further, organic animal products mean, animals should only feed organic, i.e. animals may not be provided antibiotics, growth hormones or any other animal by-products. The disease can be prevented by using natural methods like cleaning the surrounding atmosphere, healthy and balanced diet. Whereas, for conventionally produced animal produces, growth hormones are given to the livestock for fast growth and antibiotics and medicines are used to given for treating the animal.

Besides, these differences there are several health benefits of organic food.

  1. Organic food consists of fewer pesticides and much more nutrients than conventionally grown food.
  2. Organic food has long shelf-life, fresh and full of organic flavours as this type of food contains no preservatives that accelerate its shelf-life.
  3. Organic farming is good for atmosphere because the agricultural practices used in the farming decrease pollution, conserve water, soil, increase fertility of soil, and consume less energy.
  4. Organic farming is also good for nearby animal, birds and humans.

As far as monetary benefits are concerned organic food is more expensive than the conventional grown food because as the farmers are not using the chemical fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides that is why more man power is required at the farm level and also the organic feed used for the animals is also expensive. On regular consumption of conventionally grown food, pesticide residues accumulated into the human body and exposed people are prone to several health issues like headache, autism, behavioural disorders, hormonal imbalance, birth defects, weak immunity, and different kinds of cancers.

We cannot get rid of the traces of pesticides because washing of the agricultural produce only reduces the pesticide residue but does not eliminate. The best solution is to buy and consume organic food when possible as its cost falls within the budget.

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facility for testing traces of pesticides in the given samples by HPLC and GC-MS instruments. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Are you Experiencing Cactus Like Feeling with Woollens?

Wool is derived from sheep and contains lanolin, a kind of natural oil, which is responsible for causing allergies to several people.  The most common wool allergy symptoms in the people include irritation, itching, rashes, and hives on the skin. It affects the eyes and leads to puffiness, itching as well as redness. It also causes nasal problems like running nose, sneezing, nausea, congestion and other problems related to respiratory tract. However, the people who are allergic to lanolin of wool also show the similar allergic reactions when exposed to the other products which contain lanolin such as wool wax, cosmetics and other personal products. However, only wool alone cannot be the actual cause of allergic reactions such as lumps and red bumps all over the skin, but due to the direct contact of wool with the skin generally causes itching and irritation because of the nature of the woollen garments.

woollens product testing labs

In the process of manufacturing of woollen garments like sweaters, scarves, socks, jackets and gloves synthetic chemicals and colours are required. Both the chemicals and colours can be the reason for different allergic reactions to the people who are not familiar about the allergic reactions caused by synthetic chemicals and dyes used in the making process of woollens but do complain about wool allergies. These only trigger or accelerate the allergic reactions.

A person who is allergic to wool has the same kind of allergic response just like in the persons having an allergy due to pollens, dust and pets such as rashes on the body including face, arms, hands, feet, etc. This may appear immediately or may occur in a couple of days just after coming in the direct contact of wool.

Till date, there is no particular treatment for the allergic reactions of wool; however, some antihistamines and allergy shots can also be given to the patients at the onset of allergic symptoms. Further, persons should stop using those products which consist of wool if possible.  So, to avoid such kind of allergy one should put cotton clothing in between the skin and the woollen garments and really it is enough to solve the itching problem.

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for testing all the harmful and carcinogenic chemicals and dyes used in woollen garments. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Shocking Truth of Refined Oils

Refined oil is the processed form of natural oil, which can be obtained after treating the natural oils with different chemicals to meet the consumer’s expectations like free from specific colour, odour and flavour, has long shelf life as well as good for frying purposes, but is not good for the digestive as well as respiratory health of the human body. It is also responsible for causing various diseases such as cancer, diabetes, heart and kidney problems, and many more.

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Let’s have a look at the harmful effects of refined oils.

  1. Chemical exposure: Nickel is used for processing of natural oil, but it has carcinogenic and negative effects on the respiratory system, liver, skin of the human body.
  2. Sodium hydroxide: A harmful chemical added during the refining process and affects the digestive system of the body.
  3. Preservatives: During the refining process, preservatives are added, but preservatives are also not good for human health.
  4. Bleaching agents:  Bleaching, dewaxing, deodorizing, degumming and deacidification are the harmful steps included in the process of refining process. These steps reduce the chlorophyll content, taste and other nutrients of the oil which ultimately increase the oxidation and rancidity in the edible oil. However, bleaching increases the shelf-life of the edible oil in deep fat frying applications.
  5. High Temperature: Refining involves the exposure of natural oil to the high temperature that removes all the natural and beneficial substances from the oil.

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Chemicals used in the refining of oils cause several ailments like cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular and renal problems, different allergies, premature ageing, ulcers, emphysema, infertility, hypoglycemia and arthritis. Therefore, doctors and nutritionists advised to go for natural, unrefined and cold pressed vegetable oil because refined oil is unfit for consumption. Cold pressed oils are also known as unrefined oils, such oils are mechanically extracted by a machine by applying pressure not the high temperature or in other words such types of oils are extracted in a much healthier way. In this process, the seeds are not subjected to high temperature and harsh chemicals which are carcinogenic in nature that’s why cold pressed oils are full of high flavor and nutritional composition and thus making them a healthier choice for buyers. In cold pressed oil, less than 40-degree temperature should be maintained by which the oils does not lose vitamin and essential fatty acids and maintains its natural characteristics. Once the extracted oil settles, it is filtered and packed into the bottles.
Cold pressed or unrefined oils are much healthier option than the refined oils because unrefined oils like mustard oil, coconut oil, avocado oil and olive oil, etc. are generally used in weight loss, it also aids in several above mentioned health issues.

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for testing all the harmful and carcinogenic chemicals in edible oils. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Aluminium Utensils Results in the Degeneration of Brain

Maximum people are using aluminium kitchen ware for cooking and processing of food in the form of frying pans, sauce pans, pressure cookers, teapots, spoons, etc. because of easy availability at affordable prices and good conductor of heat. However, on the regular consumption of food prepared in aluminium cookware causes aluminium poisoning, but people are unaware of the harmful effects of the cheap aluminium cookware sets. These types of utensils are slow poison in the human body, these utensils change the colour and the taste of the food prepared in it by making it contaminated.  Aluminium is highly reactive to the foods which are strongly acidic and alkali in nature, such as tomatoes, spinach etc., but, aluminium leaches faster in acidic foods than that of basic foods. Food prepared in the aluminium utensils can easily absorb aluminium from the utensils as aluminium gets easily dissolved into the food and water during cooking, which readily enters into the bloodstream and deposited in the different organs and part of the human body like muscles, kidneys, liver and bones. The excretory system in our body is not able to extract the accumulated metal in the muscles, kidneys, liver and skeletal system and in the present scenario there is no effective treatment for aluminium poisoning. Therefore, it is unwise to prepare food, tea and coffee in the aluminium kitchen ware. Other possible sources of aluminium poisoning are packaged foods (soups, baked beans, tuna, prawns, sardines, chips, snacks, fresh-cut fruits and vegetables) drinks and beverages such as soft and alcoholic drinks packed in aluminium cans. Further, baby foods and infant formula also contain traces of aluminium significantly.

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Aluminium utensils generally show pitting when aluminium has leached away this proves that aluminium does dissolve in the food and water. The symptoms of aluminium poisoning are hyperacidity, indigestion, flatulence, skin pigmentation, allergy, eczema, dandruff,  loss of memory, depression, anxiety, asthma, appendicitis, renal failure, and problem in eye, diarrhoea, ulcers in the mouth and stomach, abdominal cramps and pain. Its continuous exposure lead to osteoporosis and Alzheimer disease in which patient is not able to collect recent events, but clearly recollects the events that happened in the past. The poisoning of this metal can only be reduced by drinking freshly prepared juice of orange, pineapple and sweet lime, etc. and by replacing the aluminium cookware with the stainless steel or cast iron utensils.

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for testing precious metals and alloys by using XRF, AAS and ICP spectrometers. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Don’t Get Attracted Towards the Hazardous Mosquito Repellents

Mosquitoes are the uninvited guests that transmit various diseases like dengue, malaria, chikungunya, yellow fever, etc. These mosquitoes borne diseases transmitted, can be reduced by using several mosquito killers and these are easily available in the market at affordable prices in the form of coils, mats, liquid vaporizers, sprays, repellents, and so, on. All these repellents decrease the chances of being bitten and thus, reduce the transmission of mosquito-borne diseases. Here, is the fact that if these products repel or kill the mosquitoes, then is also responsible for the negative effects on human health. Therefore, in order to prevent the human health these harmful chemical products should not be publicized. All the mosquito repellent products contain N, N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET) a hazardous chemical, which causes allergic reactions to peoples and is also responsible for causing various types of allergies along with several illnesses like asthma, headaches, congestion, sore throat, nausea, dizziness, runny nose, encephalitis and respiratory disorders and its prolonged exposure is also responsible for causing lung cancer. That is why these products should be used with great care. From the literature survey, it can be revealed that in growing children it causes skin rashes, eye irritation, nervous system disorders and anaphylactic shock. Poor and illiterate people in the society are unaware of the hazardous effects of mosquito repellents on the human body. Therefore, it is mandatory to educate the people regarding the usage along with the negative effects by organizing workshops, conferences, seminars, publications, advertisements.

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Keep the important points in mind while using mosquito repellents-

  1. Manufacturer’s instructions should always be followed.
  2. Don’t use coils, sprays inside the rooms or near the family members, but always use outside the doors and windows to keep the mosquitoes away.
  3. Avoid sleeping in a room with burning coil, plugging repellent, sprays etc.
  4. Keep all these products away from the reach of the children.
  5. Burning coils should be placed away from the furniture, curtains, flammable articles, books, papers etc.

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for testing all the harmful and carcinogenic chemicals in various kinds of mosquito repellent products. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Be Attentive while Choosing the Correct Dishwashing Bar

Today various kinds of dish washing soaps are available in the market with lots of claims like eco-friendly, better cleaning, antimicrobial and antibacterial property. Dishwashing bars or cakes are found in each and every house for cleaning of dishes. Detergents in these cakes combined with the enzymes help with the dishes and utensils wash easily. By using this one can get rid of stained and uncleaned dishes. Many chemicals listed on the dish bar by the chemical names and unfortunately, common person doesn’t familiar about the bad effects of chemicals. These toxic chemicals are absorbed by the skin that directly enter into the blood stream which then are responsible for causing asthma, neurological disorders, skin irritation, cancer, etc. Some of the common and basic chemical ingredients in the dish bar contained surfactants, preservatives, fragrance, colour with active and inactive chemical ingredients.

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  1. Sodium Lauryl Sulphate (SLS): It is a detergent based chemical which acts as a surfactant used as a cleanser. It is associated with the carcinogenic chemical Nitrosamines and responsible for absorption of toxic nitrates into the body.
  2. Sodium Laureth Sulphate (SLES): It is linked with the suspected carcinogen Dioxane which remains in the body for longer time and effects the functioning of the liver.
  3. Propylene Glycol: It is a chemical which is used as an anti-freeze for car radiator. It is found in dish bar, moisturizers, cosmetics, hand sanitizers, baby products, conditioners and shampoos. It negatively effects the functioning of liver and kidneys.
  4. Methylisothiazolinone: It acts as a preservative which is a neurotoxic and associated with allergic reactions and irritation.
  5. Fragrance: Scented products contain several harmful chemical ingredients including phthalates, which are responsible for different kinds of allergies and impairment of hormones. Phthalates are found in cosmetics, food packaging, plastic container, plastic tubes, and jar lids.
  6. Triclosan: It is a synthetic chemical used as an antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal chemical and generally found in toothpaste, soaps, cosmetics, perfumes, clothing, dish bar, kitchen ware, coolers and paints. It disrupts the hormonal system of the body, including endocrine and thyroid system which weakens the immune system.
  7. Coal Tar Dyes: Coloured cleaning products contaminated with heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium and lead. These harmful coloured dyes can be readily absorbed by the skin and causes several health problems, including hormonal imbalance, cancer and allergies.

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for testing all the harmful and carcinogenic chemicals in various kinds of dish bars and cosmetic products. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Wi-Fi Routers – The silent killer at home

The internet has become an important part of our today’s generation because we are totally relying as well as dependent on the internet services to do various work. As internet is loaded with vast knowledge or in other words, it is the best source of education, therefore, people and students are using the internet for searching literature, entertainment and to play games. Further, people access internet for studying online and submitting an online application form even while at home without any delay and with more comfort. However, it provides all the necessary information that we need without any delay. At the time of busy lifestyle, we can easily purchase food, grocery, fruits and vegetables, shoes, clothing, ornaments, books, medicines and much more. Further, we can also hire an electrician and plumber online through different websites. Wi-Fi Internet makes our life so easy that we can easily communicate with the people who live in far places by making video calling, chatting, sending messages and E-mails instantly to the loved ones through social media sites. Therefore, most of the people, especially younger generation cannot expect a life without this technology and that’s why, experts in this field are involving at their best levels to improve this technology. But, we are not aware of the fact that wireless internet routers or the Wi-Fi modems send the signals to access internet services by using electromagnetic radiations which can negatively affect the overall health of the children or in other words, its exposure is the dangerous soup of radiations, if this wireless internet router set up in the home. The child’s brain absorbs more radiations than adults and affects the overall health as the kids have thinner skulls and skin as compared to that of adults. Today’s lifestyle is so dependent on the services of internet that the Wi-Fi routers don’t get turned off even at night and the connected routers are responsible for damaging the health due to the bad effects of radiations. It transmits the radio signals of frequency matched with the microwave ovens use to cook the food. Wi-Fi radiations responsible for sleeplessness, infertility, cellular damage to fetus, DNA fragmentation, depression, hypertension, heart palpitations, headache, poor health, memory loss and brain damage to the human body. Further, exposure to 4 G radiations, accelerate cardiac stress, changes in DNA and so leads to cancer and development of various tumors because these high-frequency radio waves disturb the natural metabolism of the human body. Now we should be attentive about the negative side effects of the technologies at home and the offices.

Wi-Fi Routers- The silent killer at home

How to reduce the exposure of Wi-Fi radiations-

  1. Wi-Fi radiation exposure reduced greatly by increasing the distance. Walls cannot stop the entry of these harmful radiations so, don’t place the Wi-Fi router in the bedroom or behind the bedroom’s wall.
  2. Exposure during night time causes the serious negative effects on the health so; the better way to get rid of these harmful effects is to turn the switch off at night.

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for testing all the contaminations in air, water, and food products. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.