Lead is considered as a heavy metal which is hazardous to us. Lead is accumulates in blood mostly by consuming water contaminated with lead. Infants, pregnant women, kids and old aged persons are susceptible to the poisoning of lead. Consuming drinking water is one of the major causes of lead poisoning it is mainly due to the old pipes that distributes water to the houses and also through the plumbing system of our houses. If the drinking water is hard, then it increases the chances of leaching of lead and copper into the water. Repeated lead exposure leads to lead toxicity that results in: stomach ache, abdominal cramps, vomiting, muscle weakness, coma, constipation, insomnia, headache, irritation, loss of appetite, tiredness, anaemia, memory loss, confusion, renal problems, high blood pressure, numbness or tingling, hypertension, heart palpitations. In children lead toxicity includes: neurological damage, aggressive behaviour, less developmental skills, intellectual disability, lower IQ, delays growth, difficulty in learning. It is all due to lead because it will accumulate into the body and tend to be stored in the brain, bones, and in some vital organs for decades. The toxicity cannot be cured, but the possible side effects can be reduced by reducing the exposure to lead.
It Can be Reduced by:
- By using lead free plumbing fixtures.
- It is suggested to analyze the water samples regularly for the testing of pH, hardness, alkalinity, calcium, chloride, TDS (total dissolved solids) and corrosivity index.
- If the water sample persists an odour then it is also advised for the microbiological testing.
- If you are in condition of confusion about the contamination of water with lead, then there is an urgent need for the analysis of lead in water by any of the certified, approved and reputed laboratory.
- Regular blood check-up for lead.
- In case of need, then do not panic and contact physician.
- Stop purchasing painted toys for your children.
- Use cold water for the preparation of foods and drinks because cold water contains less lead content.
- Your home should be dust free.
- Teach your kids for washing hands before eating.
- Only use lead free paint.
- After lead testing, if the level exceeds then consume filtered drinking water.
Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing quality and all the safety parameters related to water. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.
A toy is an object that can be used for playing with by children and pets. Toys are supposed to be fun and are an important part of any child’s growth and development. Plastic toys generally contain hazardous chemicals like, poly vinyl chloride (PVC), dioxin and phthalates. If a plastic toy or product has any awful odour, then avoid buying it. This smell reveals that product is offgassing that means some part of the plasticizer or stabilizer from the product releases into the environment. These harmful chemicals linked with the toys may admit into the child’s body through the lungs, eyes and skin that adversely affect the child’s growth and cause serious health issues, such as disruption of hormonal system, damage to liver and kidney, cancer, reproductive disorders. That is why every year; many children are treated in hospital emergency departments for the injuries related to toys. Choking is one of the major risks for children ages 3 or less, as they are in close contact with the toys and tend to put objects in their mouth. Toy safety is the implementation of safety standards for the toys, especially designed for children. Manufacturers and importers should follow certain protocol and display all the necessary information in case of new toys for the children of the particular age groups. In order to sell the commercial toys in many countries, toys should meet safety standards. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) strictly monitors and regulates toys. Any toys made in or imported into the United States after 1995 must fulfill the CPSC standards.
While shopping toys keep this information in mind and be a smart parent:
- While purchasing the toys or games, parents should consider the child’s age, followed by reading the instructions and warnings for child safety.
- Toys that are designed from fabric should be labeled as flame resistant or flame retardant.
- Stuffed toys should be washable.
- Painted toys should be masked with lead-free paint.
- Art materials must be nontoxic.
- Parents should keep a special eye on small game pieces that may be a choking hazard for young children. While these kinds of games are great for older kids, they can pose a potential danger for younger, curious siblings.
- Teach your children to use a bin or container to stock toys after playing; this will prevent accidental falls over them.
- After play time is over, use a bin or container to store toys for next time. Make sure there are no holes or hinges that could catch little fingers.
- Immediately remove the plastic wrappings from toys otherwise it becomes deadly playthings to the young children.
- Crayons and paints should be labeled with ASTM D-4236 on the package, which means that they’ve been assessed by the American Society for Testing and Materials.
- Toys should not be too noisy for the child because such types of toys can be as loud as a car horn and can contribute to the hearing damage. Parents can also supervise their children while playing with the toys.
Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing all the safety parameters related to toys and childcare articles. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.
Phthalates or phthalates esters are esters of phthalic acid that are mainly used as plasticizers used to confer softness, flexibility and longevity to PVC (Poly Vinyl Chloride). PVC is an extensively used material and widely used in manufacturing of toys and other children’s articles such as teethers, inflatable toys and soft figures etc. Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), di butyl phthalate (DBP), di-isononylphthalate (DINP), di-isodecyl phthalate (DIDP), benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP) and di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP) are 6 phthalates that are banned in making of toys. Phthatates are mainly used in transforming polyvinyl chloride from hard plastic to a flexible plastic. Since 1999, the European commission has restricted the use of phthalates in children’s toys and childcare articles. Phthalates such as DEHP, DINP and DIDP are added to improve the flexibility in soft PVC products, but are not covalently bound in the plastic matrix. Therefore, it can leach out at normal conditions and is enhanced by heat, agitation, friction and impaction.
Children are in close connection with their toys and they generally put them in their mouth which can adversely affect. These hazardous chemicals in the toys may admit in the child’s body and over the time when accumulating, adversely affect the child’s growth and cause serious health issues, such as disruption of hormonal system, cancer, reproductive disorders.
Kids are more prone to the harmful effects of phthalates due to their large skin surface area relative to their weight; considerably thinner skin (more permeable), high respiration and metabolism rate with less developed immune, nervous and detoxification systems. That’s why they absorb much more toxic substances than adults.
- Before buying toys and childcare articles parents should read the labels and contents carefully.
- Parents should not let their kids play alone with their toys, so that they do not keep the unhealthy toys in their mouth.
Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing all kinds of toys and childcare articles. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.