Wool is derived from sheep and contains lanolin, a kind of natural oil, which is responsible for causing allergies to several people. The most common wool allergy symptoms in the people include irritation, itching, rashes, and hives on the skin. It affects the eyes and leads to puffiness, itching as well as redness. It also causes nasal problems like running nose, sneezing, nausea, congestion and other problems related to respiratory tract. However, the people who are allergic to lanolin of wool also show the similar allergic reactions when exposed to the other products which contain lanolin such as wool wax, cosmetics and other personal products. However, only wool alone cannot be the actual cause of allergic reactions such as lumps and red bumps all over the skin, but due to the direct contact of wool with the skin generally causes itching and irritation because of the nature of the woollen garments.
In the process of manufacturing of woollen garments like sweaters, scarves, socks, jackets and gloves synthetic chemicals and colours are required. Both the chemicals and colours can be the reason for different allergic reactions to the people who are not familiar about the allergic reactions caused by synthetic chemicals and dyes used in the making process of woollens but do complain about wool allergies. These only trigger or accelerate the allergic reactions.
A person who is allergic to wool has the same kind of allergic response just like in the persons having an allergy due to pollens, dust and pets such as rashes on the body including face, arms, hands, feet, etc. This may appear immediately or may occur in a couple of days just after coming in the direct contact of wool.
Till date, there is no particular treatment for the allergic reactions of wool; however, some antihistamines and allergy shots can also be given to the patients at the onset of allergic symptoms. Further, persons should stop using those products which consist of wool if possible. So, to avoid such kind of allergy one should put cotton clothing in between the skin and the woollen garments and really it is enough to solve the itching problem.
Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for testing all the harmful and carcinogenic chemicals and dyes used in woollen garments. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.
Dry cleaning is not actually dry, but it is the method by which cleaning of fabrics is done with the help of liquid chemicals that help in removing tough stains from various fabrics. PERC is a solvent used in dry cleaning, known as percholroethylene or tetrachloroethylene, it is also used as a metal degreaser and in the manufacturing of many more chemicals. Earlier, carbon tetrachloride was used in dry cleaning, but due to its toxic nature, it was replaced by tetrachlroethylene, also known as perchloroethylene i.e. PERC moreover other chemicals are also used for stain removal are chlorinated liquids, acetic acid, petroleum naptha, hydrogen peroxide, ammonia and mineral spirits. Most dry cleaners used PERC solvent, it is a colourless, clear, has sharp and sweet odour which evaporates quickly. It permanently unloads the stain and dirt from the variety of clothes. It is less expensive, efficient solvent that cannot cause shrinkage of clothes, nor dyes to bleed and can also be used again in the cleaning process. But it is a toxic solvent and has significant ill effects on human health. It admits into the human body via breathing and through skin penetration. Its overexposure causes depression, failure of liver and kidneys, skin irritation, damage to respiratory system, memory loss, confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, and dermatitis, irritation to mucous membranes, nasal passage, skin, eyes, nose and throat. It is a familiar animal carcinogen and also considered as a suspected human carcinogen. Exposure to this chemical through dry cleaning industry or laundry have increased the risk of cancer to the workers as it quickly evaporates, enter into the air of the dry cleaning area and absorbs readily because its vapours can easily pass through the floor, ceiling and even wall materials. Through a dry cleaner shop, surrounding area can be widely contaminated through holes, vents, open windows and air conditioning systems if the cleaner does not follow the proper instructions and safety guidelines.
Who Is At More Risk?
- Although everybody is at higher risk, but the living beings that live near the surrounding of dry cleaners has higher exposure of perc.
- Workers at laundry and dry cleaning area are susceptible to the greater risk of its exposure.
- People who regularly wear dry cleaned clothings. Perc can remain in the dry cleaned clothes as residue.
- Lactating mothers, infants and children are more prone to perc as it has been found in their breast milk that live near dry cleaners.
How To Get Rid Of:
- Always use natural, harmless and green cleaners.
- Stop wearing dry cleaned clothing.
- Always wear cotton clothes as it does not require dry cleaning.
- If necessary, then move to green dry cleaners because they use wet cleaning methods for removing stains from delicate clothing.
- Always get the indoor air tested if you are living nearer to the dry cleaners.
Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for chemical and quality testing of air that contain harmful substances. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.
We all love to wear colourful dresses, eat a rainbow diet and colourful medicines, as colour is an essential part of the human life. In our today’s life clothing is manufactured by using nearly 8000 synthetic chemicals by the textile industries which can be dangerous to the human world. Many industries use toxic chemicals like formaldehyde, brominated flame retardants and perfluorinated chemicals (Teflon) to facilitate non-iron and wrinkle-free characteristics. Sometimes insecticidal treatments are also given in order to provide good health, but, the chemicals when interacting with the skin produce many health issues like infertility, skin rashes, fatigue, burning, itching, nausea, suffocation, breathing problems, dermatitis and cancer as these toxic chemicals are absorbed through the dermis (the largest organ) and then pass into the blood stream and ultimately into the liver which is responsible for removal of toxins. Several people are not familiar with the fact that our skin venting toxins and keeps us healthy. These chemicals increase toxic load on the body and may lead to the onset of various diseases when interacting with each other. Formaldehyde is mostly used in dyes and printing industries to avoid running.
It is also present in those fabrics which claimed following characteristics-
- Anti-cling, anti-static, wrinkle free.
- Waterproof (water repellent).
- Perspiration proof.
- Moth and mildew resistant.
- Chlorine resistant.
Points To Be Noted-
- Dark blue, brown and black coloured synthetic clothing keep us at greater risk of absorption and so, is responsible for the contact dermatitis.
- Even laundering does not overpower the harmful effects.
- Disperse Blue 1 is considered as a human carcinogen because it produces malignant tumors at higher levels in the lab animals.
- These dyes are also present in cosmetics and hair colours.
- Don’t trust blindly over the manufacturer’s reassurances.
What To Do-
- At high temperature and humidity such types of fabrics (especially inner wears) are responsible for opening skin pores due to which absorption of chemicals increases. Moreover, only chemical may not be the most dangerous whereas, many chemicals (toxic soup) interact with each other and produce unpredictable health threats.
- If possible go for natural fibres like cotton, silk, hemp and organic wool.
Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing all the safety parameters related to harmful chemicals, pesticides in different textile materials. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.
In our daily life colour is an important aspect as we all love to wear colourful clothing and eat rainbow diet. Dyes may be defined as substances that, when applied to a substrate gives colour. Such substances with considerable coloring capacity are widely employed in the textile, leather, carpets, pharmaceutical, food, cosmetics, plastics, photographic and paper industries. The dyes can stick to compatible surfaces through solution, by forming a covalent bond or complexes with salts or metals, by physical adsorption or by mechanical retention.
The textile dyeing industry has generated immeasurable pollution as it is one of the most chemically demanding industries and is the biggest consumer of dye substances. Textile industries expend a huge supply of water and chemicals due to which about 10-15% dyes are liberated into the environment during the dyeing process making the industrial effluents vastly coloured and aesthetically unacceptable and are frequently imported into the environment. Over exposure to these reactive dyes (especially when they are in powdered form), may cause health hazards like respiratory problems due to inhalation of dye particles; it is known as respiratory sensitization to the workers therefore, all these chemicals and dyes must be handled with care. Some other symptoms of respiratory sensitization include skin irritation, watery and sore eyes, itchy or blocked nose, sneezing and symptoms of asthma such as coughing and wheezing. Harmful chemicals include formaldehyde-based resins, ammonia, acetic acid, some shrink-resist chemicals, some optical whiteners, soda ash, caustic soda and bleach. Dyes containing anthraquinone or azo structures are familiar to cause contact dermatitis. Generally azo dyes are considered as a deadly poision, dangerous to work and greatly inflammable. Now a day’s chemical used to yield dyes are usually extremely toxic, carcinogenic, or even explosive. Such type of clothing is also hazardous for babies and kids when they are in prolonged contact with these chemicals; actually these harmful substances are absorbed through the skin, particularly, when their body is warm.
Dyes cause lots of Problems in the Environment:
- Even its small concentrations in the water disturb the photosynthetic activity of algae by absorption and reflection of light which serious influence on the food chain.
- Dyes also have undesirable side effects on exposed organisms as their small concentration (less than 1 ppm) is greatly visible due to their brilliance.
- Dyes can remain in the atmosphere for a long time due to its high thermal and photostability characteristics.
- Dyes and their residues are carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to life.
Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing all the safety parameters related to textile and dyeing industries. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.