Conserve the Natural Resources and save the Planet

The world’s population is increasing day by day and that is why each and every human being has added a significant amount of waste to the surroundings. As the natural resources of our planet earth are less so, we must take care about the conservation of these resources so, that we leave this for the next generations. To conserve the resources recycling is the best option and is also good for the environment because in the process of recycling, new products are manufactured by using the old and the products which are of no use and then converting them back to the new products. Paper, plastic, glass, aluminum cans are some examples that are recycled in greater amount.

23-feb-2017 copy

Recycling is Important in a Number of ways:

  • To make the atmospheric environment clean
  • Conservation of Materials
  • To save renewable sources of energy
  • Reduce garbage in landfill sites
  • Helps in reducing water and air pollution
  • Reduce the effects of global warming in the atmosphere

Recycling actually starts from our home because if we are using an older product instead of discarding then we are actually doing recycling. It is basically an idea of reduce, reuse and recycle. Conservation of things is an important aspect of recycling, in this process, less production of garbage will help in reducing the landfill sites that helps in cleaning the environment.

Testing As a growing concern for the environment has become an important issue nationally and globally, more efforts have been in place to sustain our resources. Sustainable materials are of increasing industrial importance. One such material is biodegradable polymers.

Since the interest for using biodegradable plastics has grown exponentially, there have been a number of standards developed for testing the material. ASTM and IS develops various standards that have been used worldwide and provide a foundation for comparisons of data in testing of plastics in various laboratories. Test methods are ASTM D6400 and ASTM D5988-03 for determining compostable plastics and aerobic biodegradation in soil of plastic respectively. This test method was used because it provides clear guidelines to biodegradability and is designed to evaluate aerobic biological reaction. The ASTM D 5998 method used is equivalent to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 17556:2003. First process is biodegradability in soil/compost by monitoring CO2 and second by monitoring loss of mass and reduction in physical properties via tensile testing after exposure in UV Light.

We could save our planet by doing a handful of things-

  1. Discard all the waste from the house which is of no use, packaged in an appropriate container such as paper, plastic and glass and send it to the nearest recycling center.
  2. Avoid using plastic bags, plastic papers and plastic container as much as possible.  As these things are non biodegradable in nature will only create pollution in the atmosphere by filling the landfill sites.
  3. Use own reusable bags to buy groceries and purchase only those items having least packaging as a huge amount of money is spent on these packaging materials that ultimately go to the landfill sites.
  4. Limit the use of disposable things like disposable utensils made up of plastic and Styrofoam.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for analyzing the safety parameters of air and water quality. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

What is Organic Food- Let’s take a Look

Now a days organic food is gaining popularity among the consumers. The term organic means the agricultural crops should grow without using chemical pesticides, bioengineered genes, and petroleum and sewage sludge waste fertilizers. Organic produce grown with the natural fertilizers such as manure and compost, crop rotation method is used for controlling weeds or unwanted plants and moreover, pests, insects and rodents are controlled using natural methods like birds, insects, traps and naturally produced pesticides. On the contrary, to those conventionally grown agricultural produce only grown with chemical fertilizers, weeds and pests are controlled by chemical herbicides and insecticides.

Agro Product Testing Labs

Further, organic animal products mean, animals should only feed organic, i.e. animals may not be provided antibiotics, growth hormones or any other animal by-products. The disease can be prevented by using natural methods like cleaning the surrounding atmosphere, healthy and balanced diet. Whereas, for conventionally produced animal produces, growth hormones are given to the livestock for fast growth and antibiotics and medicines are used to given for treating the animal.

Besides, these differences there are several health benefits of organic food.

  1. Organic food consists of fewer pesticides and much more nutrients than conventionally grown food.
  2. Organic food has long shelf-life, fresh and full of organic flavours as this type of food contains no preservatives that accelerate its shelf-life.
  3. Organic farming is good for atmosphere because the agricultural practices used in the farming decrease pollution, conserve water, soil, increase fertility of soil, and consume less energy.
  4. Organic farming is also good for nearby animal, birds and humans.

As far as monetary benefits are concerned organic food is more expensive than the conventional grown food because as the farmers are not using the chemical fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides that is why more man power is required at the farm level and also the organic feed used for the animals is also expensive. On regular consumption of conventionally grown food, pesticide residues accumulated into the human body and exposed people are prone to several health issues like headache, autism, behavioural disorders, hormonal imbalance, birth defects, weak immunity, and different kinds of cancers.

We cannot get rid of the traces of pesticides because washing of the agricultural produce only reduces the pesticide residue but does not eliminate. The best solution is to buy and consume organic food when possible as its cost falls within the budget.

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facility for testing traces of pesticides in the given samples by HPLC and GC-MS instruments. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Keep ocean blue- Marine life is dying in numbers

Anything which is present in the marine environment that causes harm is known as pollution. There are different types of pollution in the sea like plastic wastes, oil, chemicals, agriculture and industrial wastes and sewage waste as these pollutants can interfere with the life cycle of several aquatic lives. The largest natural water body on the Earth are oceans, which provide habitat to the various animals and plants, but due to a variety of human activities, the marine life is now adversely affected by the marine pollution. Now, it is the responsibility of each and every citizen of the world in keeping the natural water bodies neat and clean so that the aquatic life can grow and flourish well.

Keep Ociean Blue

Pollution enters into the water bodies by different ways:-

  1. Sewage waste: Sewage polluting waste directly enters into the ocean by sewage, rivers or drainages. This toxic waste reduced the oxygen levels in the water and so decreases the chances of survival of the marine life.
  2. Industrial toxic waste: Disposing of the toxic liquid into the ocean, as a source of industrial and agricultural waste, create ocean pollution that adversely affects the aquatic life. As the temperature of these hazardous chemicals is high, they alleviate the ocean temperature also known as thermal pollution which directly affects the marine life. These chemicals deposit in the internal tissues of the animals, leading to infertility. Aquatic plants and animals cannot exist at elevated temperatures and ultimately collapse. It also affects the process of photosynthesis by stopping of sunlight.
  3. Through oil spills: Oil spill is the most destructive and it is a great source of pollution in the ocean. Crude oil has existed for several years in the sea water and is highly toxic to aquatic life, marine animals died due to suffocation and it is very difficult to clean. Ships are also responsible for the noise pollution, which disturbs the life cycles of aquatic lives.
  4. Littering: It is the huge source of water pollution in the ocean, it occurs when the garbage, including plastic debris, polythene bags, man-made waste are blown through the wind. This waste cannot degrade and remains suspended in the water for years. Small animals got confused and caught the plastic waste for the food and died slowly over a period of time and these small animals later eaten up by the big animals. Animals that died in the majority due to this plastic waste include seabirds, sea turtles, fishes, sharks, crabs, seahorse, starfish, jelly fish, dolphins, crocodiles, penguins, etc. Further, the contaminated aquatic animals are then eaten up by the humans, gets accumulated in their body that leads to cancer, infertility and birth defects. Thus, ocean pollution severely affects the entire food chain.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing quality and all the safety parameters related to water. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Cloud Seeding – For Artificial Rain

Cloud seeding is the process of creating rain artificially with some of the modifications in weather conditions by using different chemical compounds like silver iodide, potassium iodide and dry ice (solid carbon dioxide) and liquid propane also used which expands into gaseous form. All these chemical substances dispersed into the air through aircrafts or dispersion devices which change the microphysical action of the clouds. These chemical substances could be fired into the clouds from the ground or more efficiently, released over the clouds from aircrafts with the cooperation of various professionals such as meteorologists, pilots, aircraft technicians, radar engineers etc. This technique is helpful in inducing the rainfall artificially by increasing the precipitation in the clouds; otherwise this process occurs naturally in the environment. In this process rainfall occurs when super cooled water droplets become too heavy to remain suspended in the air, fall and melts on their way to cause rain. This mechanism of cloud seeding has become a necessity in our country, where the agricultural practice is greatly dependent upon the rains and monsoons because natural rains and natural water bodies are not able to fulfilled the agricultural requirement and this steeply raising the demand of water, due to which ground water level is dropping swiftly. Snowfall occurs when the temperature ranges from -7 and 20°C within the clouds. Cloud seeding technique is the worthwhile means of getting maximum rain water at the time of need.

A good option for flushing toxic smog

This revolutionary technology is very effective, especially for farmers that are mostly affected by drought conditions. With the help of this technique needy farmer can able to grow and sell more crops and get rid of the adverse climatic conditions. It ultimately upgraded the overall economy of the country avoiding famine and boosting tourism in the developing nations, as a lot of countries in the world experiencing severe drought conditions.

Further, it can also be a solution of smog, as the artificial raining washes away the toxic smog particles effectively. We don’t experience any pollution in the monsoon, as the level of air pollution dropped to the safe level in the rainy season.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing water quality and along with the indoor and outdoor air quality. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Agricultural Fires Choke Whole Delhi

 In order to prepare fields for the next crop production, the previous crop residue should be burned or removed or incorporated into the field. Burning of crop residues has adverse effects such as a severe increase in air pollution, black carbon that may lead to changes in climatic conditions worldwide. In Punjab, farmers widely practiced the complete burning of the agricultural waste to prepare fields for the next crop than that of removal because complete removal is more expensive to the farmers than that of the burning process, also it instantly clears and cleans the field, it eradicates weeds including those which are resistant to the herbicide, it also erases pests and slugs, further, it can also reduce nitrogen tie-up.

pollution testing labs
But has several adverse effects on the environment such as loss of nutrients due to burning of the essential nutrients of soil, manifold increase in air pollution from smoke, mishaps occurs because of  zero visibility due to smoke, elevated the respiratory disorders, cause damage to electrical and electronic equipment from floating threads of conducting waste, risk of fires spreading when out of control, it also raised the soil temperature which destroys the beneficial organisms like fungi, pests, snake which ultimately raised the atmospheric CO2 which is a main cause of global warming.

Burning stalk residues can be avoided by implementing these practices like using chemicals which have a faster rate of disposing agricultural waste, compost can be prepared from the stalk waste, it can be used as mulching in the field, stalk residue can also be used to cover the field after sowing in order to develop seed germination, further, it can also be used to produce green coal and an animal feed.
Now to stop this burning process, it is the responsibility of our government to provide information on good and bad effects of burning of agricultural wastes to the farmers and other peoples by organizing campaigns and workshops, provide subsidy to the farmers for purchasing machinery like happy seeder, turbo seeder, shredder, bailing machine, zero seed cum fertilizer drill and if this burning practice occurs further then a strict legal action should be taken by the government.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for chemical and quality testing of indoor and outdoor air that contain harmful substances. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.