Conserve the Natural Resources and save the Planet

The world’s population is increasing day by day and that is why each and every human being has added a significant amount of waste to the surroundings. As the natural resources of our planet earth are less so, we must take care about the conservation of these resources so, that we leave this for the next generations. To conserve the resources recycling is the best option and is also good for the environment because in the process of recycling, new products are manufactured by using the old and the products which are of no use and then converting them back to the new products. Paper, plastic, glass, aluminum cans are some examples that are recycled in greater amount.

23-feb-2017 copy

Recycling is Important in a Number of ways:

  • To make the atmospheric environment clean
  • Conservation of Materials
  • To save renewable sources of energy
  • Reduce garbage in landfill sites
  • Helps in reducing water and air pollution
  • Reduce the effects of global warming in the atmosphere

Recycling actually starts from our home because if we are using an older product instead of discarding then we are actually doing recycling. It is basically an idea of reduce, reuse and recycle. Conservation of things is an important aspect of recycling, in this process, less production of garbage will help in reducing the landfill sites that helps in cleaning the environment.

Testing As a growing concern for the environment has become an important issue nationally and globally, more efforts have been in place to sustain our resources. Sustainable materials are of increasing industrial importance. One such material is biodegradable polymers.

Since the interest for using biodegradable plastics has grown exponentially, there have been a number of standards developed for testing the material. ASTM and IS develops various standards that have been used worldwide and provide a foundation for comparisons of data in testing of plastics in various laboratories. Test methods are ASTM D6400 and ASTM D5988-03 for determining compostable plastics and aerobic biodegradation in soil of plastic respectively. This test method was used because it provides clear guidelines to biodegradability and is designed to evaluate aerobic biological reaction. The ASTM D 5998 method used is equivalent to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 17556:2003. First process is biodegradability in soil/compost by monitoring CO2 and second by monitoring loss of mass and reduction in physical properties via tensile testing after exposure in UV Light.

We could save our planet by doing a handful of things-

  1. Discard all the waste from the house which is of no use, packaged in an appropriate container such as paper, plastic and glass and send it to the nearest recycling center.
  2. Avoid using plastic bags, plastic papers and plastic container as much as possible.  As these things are non biodegradable in nature will only create pollution in the atmosphere by filling the landfill sites.
  3. Use own reusable bags to buy groceries and purchase only those items having least packaging as a huge amount of money is spent on these packaging materials that ultimately go to the landfill sites.
  4. Limit the use of disposable things like disposable utensils made up of plastic and Styrofoam.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for analyzing the safety parameters of air and water quality. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Are You Buying Harmful Chemicals Through Attractive Clothing?

 In our daily life colour is an important aspect as we all love to wear colourful clothing and eat rainbow diet. Dyes may be defined as substances that, when applied to a substrate gives colour. Such substances with considerable coloring capacity are widely employed in the textile, leather, carpets, pharmaceutical, food, cosmetics, plastics, photographic and paper industries. The dyes can stick to compatible surfaces through solution, by forming a covalent bond or complexes with salts or metals, by physical adsorption or by mechanical retention.

Chemical Testing of Clothing

The textile dyeing industry has generated immeasurable pollution as it is one of the most chemically demanding industries and is the biggest consumer of dye substances. Textile industries expend a huge supply of water and chemicals due to which about 10-15% dyes are liberated into the environment during the dyeing process making the industrial effluents vastly coloured and aesthetically unacceptable and are frequently imported into the environment. Over exposure to these reactive dyes (especially when they are in powdered form), may cause health hazards like respiratory problems due to inhalation of dye particles; it is known as respiratory sensitization to the workers therefore, all these chemicals and dyes must be handled with care. Some other symptoms of respiratory sensitization include skin irritation, watery and sore eyes, itchy or blocked nose, sneezing and symptoms of asthma such as coughing and wheezing. Harmful chemicals include formaldehyde-based resins, ammonia, acetic acid, some shrink-resist chemicals, some optical whiteners, soda ash, caustic soda and bleach. Dyes containing anthraquinone or azo structures are familiar to cause contact dermatitis. Generally azo dyes are considered as a deadly poision, dangerous to work and greatly inflammable. Now a day’s chemical used to yield dyes are usually extremely toxic, carcinogenic, or even explosive. Such type of clothing is also hazardous for babies and kids when they are in prolonged contact with these chemicals; actually these harmful substances are absorbed through the skin, particularly, when their body is warm.

Dyes cause lots of Problems in the Environment:

  • Even its small concentrations in the water disturb the photosynthetic activity of algae by absorption and reflection of light which serious influence on the food chain.
  • Dyes also have undesirable side effects on exposed organisms as their small concentration (less than 1 ppm) is greatly visible due to their brilliance.
  • Dyes can remain in the atmosphere for a long time due to its high thermal and photostability characteristics.
  • Dyes and their residues are carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to life.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing all the safety parameters related to textile and dyeing industries. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.