Are you Experiencing Cactus Like Feeling with Woollens?

Wool is derived from sheep and contains lanolin, a kind of natural oil, which is responsible for causing allergies to several people.  The most common wool allergy symptoms in the people include irritation, itching, rashes, and hives on the skin. It affects the eyes and leads to puffiness, itching as well as redness. It also causes nasal problems like running nose, sneezing, nausea, congestion and other problems related to respiratory tract. However, the people who are allergic to lanolin of wool also show the similar allergic reactions when exposed to the other products which contain lanolin such as wool wax, cosmetics and other personal products. However, only wool alone cannot be the actual cause of allergic reactions such as lumps and red bumps all over the skin, but due to the direct contact of wool with the skin generally causes itching and irritation because of the nature of the woollen garments.

woollens product testing labs

In the process of manufacturing of woollen garments like sweaters, scarves, socks, jackets and gloves synthetic chemicals and colours are required. Both the chemicals and colours can be the reason for different allergic reactions to the people who are not familiar about the allergic reactions caused by synthetic chemicals and dyes used in the making process of woollens but do complain about wool allergies. These only trigger or accelerate the allergic reactions.

A person who is allergic to wool has the same kind of allergic response just like in the persons having an allergy due to pollens, dust and pets such as rashes on the body including face, arms, hands, feet, etc. This may appear immediately or may occur in a couple of days just after coming in the direct contact of wool.

Till date, there is no particular treatment for the allergic reactions of wool; however, some antihistamines and allergy shots can also be given to the patients at the onset of allergic symptoms. Further, persons should stop using those products which consist of wool if possible.  So, to avoid such kind of allergy one should put cotton clothing in between the skin and the woollen garments and really it is enough to solve the itching problem.

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for testing all the harmful and carcinogenic chemicals and dyes used in woollen garments. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Air Purifiers- Best possible way to fight Indoor air Pollution

Delhi the capital of our country is one of the most populated and polluted cities in the world and people die every year due to wide exposure to air pollution. Air pollutants are present in the atmosphere in the form of minute solid particles, liquid droplets and in the form of gases which are responsible for producing hazardous effects in human, animals and plants.  Examples of outdoor pollution are smog, emissions of dangerous gases from vehicles, power plants and industries. Indoor air pollution is 10 times more dangerous than outdoor air pollution, because the pollutants are present in more concentrated form than present in outdoor air and further, people spend more time in indoors than the outdoors. The indoor air toxins cause signs of premature aging on the skin, because skin naturally loses its moisture and elasticity and people look older at a very early stage. To minimize the hazards of indoor air pollution, installing air purifiers in the homes is the best possible way to save the lives of the family members. Air purifiers are the instruments that help in removing pollutants from the air and so, improve the quality of air. These appliances are very useful for the patients suffering from asthma, respiratory disorders and allergies. These can be easily installed, for residential and commercial (schools, hospitals, industries, etc.) purposes. Air purifier consists of a HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) filters that help in purifying the surrounding air by removing 99.9% dust particles greater than 0.3 microns, pollen, pet dander smoke and all the pollutants present in the air. Thus, air purifiers make the environment dirt and odour free, which are the root cause of all the types of infections and allergies and produce harmful effects. Indoor air quality can also be improved by creating no smoking zone, keeping the floor neat and clean, only use natural methods for cleaning and avoid the use of synthetic air fresheners.

Indoor air Pollution

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for testing the quality of indoor and outdoor air that contain various pollutants. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Tamra Jal- A Natural remedy for several problems

Drinking water stored in a copper (Tamra) vessel is called as ‘Tamra Jal’. It is beneficial to drink this water after storing overnight or at least eight hours. On storing water in a copper utensil for drinking purposes, the copper softly leaches into the stored water and contribute all the good qualities of copper and its best quality of the stored Tamra Jal is that it does not become stale on storing for ‘long duration’ of time.

tamra jal

Drinking Tamra Jal is beneficial for human health in several ways:

  1. Copper helps in the cleansing and detoxification of the stomach, it regulates the functioning of liver, kidneys, proper absorption of nutrients and removal of waste matter from the body. For better results, it’s good to drink this stored water in the early morning on an empty stomach. Copper has the ability to stimulate the peristalsis action of the stomach that aids in proper digestion and assimilation of food. It also kills harmful bacteria in the digestive tract and helps in the healing of ulcers and infections.
  2. Regular consumption of water stored in a copper vessel helps in weight loss. It aids in the breakdown of extra fat remove it smoothly.
  3. Copper has good anti-bacterial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory in nature, it readily cures and heals the wounds of the stomach and it also helps in boosting the immune system and growth of the body.
  4. Copper also has antioxidant activity that helps to fight against free radicals, which are responsible for the aging process. Copper helps in the construction and repair of the skin and thus replace the new with old one. Hence, it is a natural remedy for slowing down the process of aging and helps in looking at least 10 years younger.
  5. Copper helps in reducing the risks of cardiovascular ailments by regulating the blood pressure, heart beat and blood cholesterol levels. It also prevents from the onset of cancer due to strong anti-oxidant properties. It also stimulates the proper functioning of ‘brain’ by transmitting the nerve impulses through neurons. It helps in the synthesis of phospholipids which are important in the synthesis of myelin sheaths that cover neurons and prepare the brain for better functioning and working.
  6. Due to anti-inflammatory properties of copper. Therefore, consuming copper infused water is the best option to get rid of the aches and pains of joints in case of arthritis. Further, it is helpful in preventing the communicable diseases like diarrhea, dysentery, etc. as it is the cheapest source for destroying harmful microorganisms present in contaminated water. Store water in ‘copper vessel’ and enjoy it without any fear.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing quality and all the safety parameters related to water. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Keep ocean blue- Marine life is dying in numbers

Anything which is present in the marine environment that causes harm is known as pollution. There are different types of pollution in the sea like plastic wastes, oil, chemicals, agriculture and industrial wastes and sewage waste as these pollutants can interfere with the life cycle of several aquatic lives. The largest natural water body on the Earth are oceans, which provide habitat to the various animals and plants, but due to a variety of human activities, the marine life is now adversely affected by the marine pollution. Now, it is the responsibility of each and every citizen of the world in keeping the natural water bodies neat and clean so that the aquatic life can grow and flourish well.

Keep Ociean Blue

Pollution enters into the water bodies by different ways:-

  1. Sewage waste: Sewage polluting waste directly enters into the ocean by sewage, rivers or drainages. This toxic waste reduced the oxygen levels in the water and so decreases the chances of survival of the marine life.
  2. Industrial toxic waste: Disposing of the toxic liquid into the ocean, as a source of industrial and agricultural waste, create ocean pollution that adversely affects the aquatic life. As the temperature of these hazardous chemicals is high, they alleviate the ocean temperature also known as thermal pollution which directly affects the marine life. These chemicals deposit in the internal tissues of the animals, leading to infertility. Aquatic plants and animals cannot exist at elevated temperatures and ultimately collapse. It also affects the process of photosynthesis by stopping of sunlight.
  3. Through oil spills: Oil spill is the most destructive and it is a great source of pollution in the ocean. Crude oil has existed for several years in the sea water and is highly toxic to aquatic life, marine animals died due to suffocation and it is very difficult to clean. Ships are also responsible for the noise pollution, which disturbs the life cycles of aquatic lives.
  4. Littering: It is the huge source of water pollution in the ocean, it occurs when the garbage, including plastic debris, polythene bags, man-made waste are blown through the wind. This waste cannot degrade and remains suspended in the water for years. Small animals got confused and caught the plastic waste for the food and died slowly over a period of time and these small animals later eaten up by the big animals. Animals that died in the majority due to this plastic waste include seabirds, sea turtles, fishes, sharks, crabs, seahorse, starfish, jelly fish, dolphins, crocodiles, penguins, etc. Further, the contaminated aquatic animals are then eaten up by the humans, gets accumulated in their body that leads to cancer, infertility and birth defects. Thus, ocean pollution severely affects the entire food chain.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing quality and all the safety parameters related to water. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

More Than 80% Diseases Are Waterborne

Water is the greatest gift given by the nature. A man can live without food, but it cannot live without water because water plays a significant role to facilitate various functions of the body like digestion, metabolism and excretion of waste, but contaminated water or the poor quality of water is one of the serious problems in the world.Water Testing Las

Water borne diseases, including gastrointestinal, reproductive and neurological disorders are generally occurring by drinking water contaminated with bacteria, parasites and viruses. These microorganisms passed through the feces of animal and infected people.  Anyone can be affected, but pregnant women, kids, old peoples are more prone to these serious problems. Contamination may also occur due to flood waters, septic fields, and water runoff from landfills, and sewer pipes.

Drinking Water Test

Various Water-Borne Diseases Are:

Polio, malaria, cholera, dengu, malaria, typhoid, anaemia, botulism, fluorosis, trachoma, hepatitis, diarrhea, giardiasis, ascariasis, trichuriasis, arsenicosis, malnutrition, legionellosis, Leptospirosis, Schistomiasis, Dracunculiasis, Onchocerciasis, Lead poisoning, Cryptosporiodiosis, Campylobacteriosis, Lymphatic filariasis, Hookworm infection, Ring Worm or Tinea, Methaemoglobinemia, Cyanobacterial toxins, Japanese encephalitis.

The one possible way to prevent the transmission of waterborne illnesses is to improve the lifestyle and practice for good hygienic behavior.

  • Sanitation
  • Drinking Water
  • Bathing Facilities
  • Washing Facilities

Take prevention and you can save yourself, friends, family and people in your surroundings with these diseases:

  • Wash fruits and vegetables before consumption.
  • Only consume pasteurized dairy products like milk, cheese, yogurt and ice cream including fruit and vegetable juices.
  • Properly cook all meat products and avoid the contact of cooked food with the raw one.
  • Before and after use thoroughly clean the utensils, equipments and surfaces.
  • Frequent and careful washing of hands with soap for at least 20 seconds.
  • Always wash hands after handling animals and gardening.
  • Always use a clean and disinfected toilet.
  • Wash hands while preparing and having food.
  • If are sick, then avoid cooking food.
  • Drinking water should be free from contamination and avoid drinking water from the outside source like ice, tap water, lakes, rivers, ponds, springs and shallow wells to prevent risk of contamination.
  • Routinely test of drinking water for Coliform and E.coli should also be done.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing quality and all the safety parameters related to water. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Don’t get fooled while purchasing gold jewellery- Choose only Hallmark

India is the largest consumer of gold in the world and mostly it is purchased in the form of jewellery because it is considered as a status symbol, it is the best investment at the time of emergency because at any time it can be converted into cash, also it is the symbol of goddess Lakshmi in Hindu religion, it is also purchased during the festivals like Dhanteras, Diwali and Akshaya Tritya, Onam, Pongal and Durga Puja etc. Gold is the best and suitable metal for making jewellery as it is lustrous and non-rusting. Its purest form is not suitable for making jewellery due to which it is alloyed with the other metals like copper to make it stronger as well as suitable for jewellery. In India each and every person desired for the highest purity of gold, but how can a common man get the purest gold from the jeweller.

Gold Testing Labs

There are 2 types of gold ornaments available in the market-

  • Gold Jewellery with KDM Mark or KDM 916 Mark- In this type, gold ornaments were soldered with the help of cadmium, which has a lower melting point than gold i.e. 321ºC. Cadmium is a heavy metal that produces toxic fumes which is harmful for the human skin but the wearer is not familiar with the toxic effects. Therefore, it is suggested not to wear such types of ornaments.

KDM 916 Mark – Standard gold is of 24 carats (99.9% pure), 22 carats gold is called 916 KDM gold (which is soldered with cadmium) and the purity of gold is 91.6%.

  • Gold Jewellery with Hallmark or Hallmark 916- Indian government took the cognizance and protects the public against adulteration in gold either intentionally or accidentally. The main aim of the hallmarking scheme is to stop adulteration or fraud and oblige manufacturers to strictly follow the legal standards of fineness. Hence, Hallmark is the purity certification granted by the BIS (Bureau of Indian standards). Under the BIS hallmarking system, a license is provided to the Jewellers can get their jewellery hallmarked from any of the BIS recognized assaying and Hallmarking Centre for providing quality, assurance satisfaction to the customers and in simple words we can say it is the guarantee of purity in gold jewellery. Other than the 916 (22 carats), Hallmark is also offered for 23 carats (958), 21 carats (875), 18 carats (750) purities. The purity stamp is always available on the ornaments by the Laser machine as a Hallmark seal.

Hallmark consist of 5 parameters

  • Triangular shape BIS mark
  • Fineness or purity mark
  • Assaying or Hallmarking Centre
  • Year of marking designated by a code or alphabet as provided by BIS (e.g. A for the year 2000 etc.)
  • Jewellers identification mark

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing the purity and fineness in gold jewellery. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Check LPG Cylinder’s Expiry Life -For Safety and Security

 Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is the popular and energy efficient fuel in India used for cooking. It makes the work convenient and easier, but highly combustible and inflammable under pressure and is a kind of living bomb in the kitchen almost all the time. Potential dangers can be avoided by taking good care and using safely. However, LPG cylinders are well built so, cannot be impaired easily, but leaks can appear from the gas cylinder, valves, pipe connections, incorrect method of storage of LPG cylinders if not kept in good conditions.

LPG cylinder Testing

If it inhaled due to leakage cause suffocation and affects the brain as well as nervous system that causes hypoxia (feeling happy), dizziness and nausea, lack of coordination, hallucinations, and unconsciousness. Further exposure leads to depression, mood swings, brain hemorrhage, and memory loss, damage to lungs, liver and kidney. An explosion from LPG gas cylinder leads to serious burns, multiple injuries and even death. Explosion boom causes serious damage and bleeding in the ears, lungs, vital organs, multiple fractures and invisible brain injury and neurological disorders.

LPG is an odourless gas, that’s why Ethyl mercaptan (malodorous chemical) with boiling point very close to LPG is added in order to prevent accidents due to leakage. Its leakage can be easily detected because of its strong and pungent smell. Moreover, some electronic gas leak sensors and safety valve can also be installed for future safety and security.

While Purchasing LPG Cylinder These Points Should be Taken Care-

  • Always purchase from the authorized franchises only.
  • Consistently check the company seal and intact safety cap in the cylinder when delivered, do not acquire the cylinder if the seal is broken.
  • Check the due date of cylinder testing, which is always marked on the inner side of one of three vertical stay plates of LPG cylinder.
  • The date is coded alpha numerically as A or B or C or D and followed by two digit number e.g. A17. The digits stand for the year till it is valid. The alphabets stand for quarters- A for the Qtr. Ending March (1st quarter), B for Qtr. ending June (2nd quarter), C- Qtr. ending September (3rd quarter) and D- Qtr. ending December (4th quarter). The two digit numbers stand for the year when the gas cylinder is due for statuary testing. Therefore, A17 means that the cylinder is to be taken to the next statuary testing by March 2017. Each and every cylinder when filled with LPG is checked thoroughly for its weight and soundness, before dispatch. A customer refused to take the cylinder in March 2017 if marked as A17. Although; it is not the date of expiry of the physical life of the cylinder, but this should not be further used and sent back to the gas distributor for statuary testing as these cylinders are not safe and may cause accidents so, in this regard all necessary action should be taken.

Spectro Analytical Lab provides all the facilities and instruments for testing and analysis of welding performance, corrosion as well as metals and alloys. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Switch to Public Transit and Protects The Planet From Global Warming

 Global warming is a serious problem and we don’t need to wait for finding a solution to this problem, but it’s our duty next to the government by acquiring more liable life style: starting from day to day things. Before it is too late it is the responsibility of the public to protect the earth from this serious problem. If we are saving energy, it means that the demand for the fossil fuel is reduced, which lowers the emission of carbon dioxide (the major contributor to global warming). In order to reduce global warming and protect our environment, we must use public transportation like bus (a full bus can take 40 cars off the  road), train, bike instead of drive a car because public transportation plays an important role in finding smart ways to the problems we are facing in our everyday life. It also reduces the other harmful pollutants like carbon monoxide and air pollutants that cause smog. To get rid of this air pollution is to plant trees outside and add household plants that can naturally remove the toxins from the air and lower the health risks from air pollution.

air pollution

Riding Public Transportation is Significant in Many Ways:

  • Economically, it is cost effective and helping to reduce the nation’s dependence on petroleum.
  • It also lowers our stress level while driving.
  • It also helps in protecting the environment by conserving natural resources, reduces air pollution and other harmful gases.
  • Increasing economic growth and status by producing “green jobs”.

Public Transportation Helps in Reducing Air Pollution:

Public transport moves people more conveniently as well as efficiently while creating significantly less air pollution to move the passenger as compared to a car or an auto. Buses release only 20% carbon monoxide, 10% hydrocarbons and 75% nitrogen oxides whereas; Trains emit only 25% nitrogen oxides per passenger mile as compared to a single-occupant auto. Clearly, moving from public transport throughout the year makes a great difference in the air quality and use of natural resources. During summer, when harmful ozone levels are at the peak, using public transport makes an even larger difference, especially for those people with respiratory problems. If the people taking keen interest in the journey (short or long) through public transit, biking, car pooling, cycling and walking, then hopefully we are starting a new trend and leading our country in a new direction. So, Ride Transit because it is the smart and healthy way to Go!

Spectro Analytical Lab provides all the facilities and instruments for testing and analysis of hazardous chemicals and pollutants in indoor as well as outdoor air quality.  It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Food Passes Through X-Ray Scanners During Security Check is Safe or Not?

 X-rays are the form of electromagnetic radiations and produced when charged particles having sufficient energy hit a material. X-ray scanners used at malls, cinemas, metro stations, bus stands and airports for security check at very low radiation levels as compared to that used in irradiation of food. The radiation levels used for food irradiation can be 10,000 gray, whereas, only 0.5 gray or less can be used by a cabinet X-ray for security screening. The radiation level normally acquired by the things scanned during screening by X-ray system is 1 millirad or less. 30,000 rad level is used in food irradiation for the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms in food preservation and thus making it safe and preventing from food borne illness. Anyhow, commercial X-ray system is much less powerful than a commercial food irradiation machine. Because during irradiation of food, the food is exposed to high doses of radiation in order to destruct all the pathogenic microorganisms present.

x ray scanner machine testing labs

There are not known harmful effects from eating food, drinking beverages, taking medicine, or using cosmetics that have been passed through the X- ray screening system at malls, cinemas, metro stations and airports or courthouses during security checks. These things will not contain radioactivity when it passes through X-ray cabinets. So, it is also safe and does not cause any hazard to pregnant females and children. There are neither short term effects, nor long term effects on the food or other items that passed through an X-ray machine. Rather, the system can also destroy some organisms that reside in the food and making it safer to eat. Many X-ray surveillance devices operate at such a low level of dose that they don’t affect the photographic film and electronic instruments. It’s important to note that X-rays are a form of radiation; it does not mean that it is radioactive or produced by the radioactive substances. So, there is nothing to worry about.

Spectro Analytical Lab provides all the facilities and instruments for detecting various contaminants and internal defects of metals in railways, refineries, Oil and gas sector, automobiles and much more by X-ray screening system. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Disposable Cups- A Silent Killer at Your Pantry

Now a day’s disposable paper/foam/plastic cups are quite demanding in office pantries due to the convenience it offers while ignoring its harmful side effects. But paper cups are lined with polyethylene for insulation and durability. Low quality paper cups are covered with a tiny layer of wax to prevent paper getting soaked and when we pour very hot beverage over this cup, the paper cups wax may come off, which will directly be sent along with the hot drink into our stomach. Over the time, stomach and digestive tract accumulate significant amounts of wax and chemicals when using the paper cups every day. This causes gastrointestinal disorders and other severe health problems.

Plastic Container Testing Labs

Foam Tea Cup Styrene is used to manufacture polystyrene foam plastic cups and foam food trays and packages. These include coffee cups, soup bowls, flight lunch packs, etc. If we are taking hot beverages through these polystyrene cups approximately four times a day for three years, we may have absorbed nearly one foam cup. Further, it increases the threat of toxicity when we microwaving the food along with these containers. It negatively affects the humans like tiredness, nervousness, insomnia, low platelet, lymphatic abnormalities and carcinogenic effects.

Plastic Cups Plastic cups produce chemicals when comes in contact with hot beverages, it may cause several types of cancer that interferes with reproductive development in animals and may lead to diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in humans.

Precautions While Using Disposable Cups-

  • Say a big “NO” to paper, plastic and Styrofoam cups and start using your own cups made of stainless steel, ceramic mug or glass containers, as these materials are less reactive and does not produce harmful effects.
  • If you have tea/coffee in plastic or thermocol cup, then it produces harmful effect on health as chemicals from these materials will invariably dissolve into the beverage. However, paper cup may be the safer option but not a cent percent safe because it is coated with wax to prevent leakage.
  • According to the manufacturers, the wax in those cups melts only at very high temperature   (beyond at what we drink). So it is better to drink tea/coffee in ceramic mug but if someone has to select out of these three then choose a paper cup due to its biodegradable characteristic, means that they break down over the time without harming the environment.

Spectro Analytical Lab provides all the facilities and instruments for testing all kinds of hazardous chemicals and other contaminants in different types of disposable plastic containers.  It also provides training and assistance in this regard.