Join Carpooling – A best possible way to save the planet

Car pooling is a practice in which more than one individual is traveling in a single vehicle. It is so, beneficial that the number of people sharing a single car mean, less number of vehicles are running on the road.  It is a forward step to make the environment neat and clean by reducing air pollution, noise pollution, low emission of carbon and thereby less emission of greenhouse gas into the atmosphere.  Due to safety and security reasons companies should regulate the traveling through carpooling because it enables us to ride safely and also reduces the air pollution. A drastic increase in the number of automobiles in the society is negatively affecting the environment which is a major cause of global warming and deteriorating the human health. Through carpooling, we can increase the indoor and outdoor air quality and it also reduces a variety of heart and respiratory diseases, bronchitis, asthma caused by air pollution in newborn babies, growing kids and old age people.

blog-4-mar-2017

Benefits of Car Pooling-

  1. It greatly reduces traffic jams on the roads so, also save time a lot.
  2. Less number of accidents.
  3. It reduces wear and tear of the vehicles and one should become much more responsible towards riding the vehicle.
  4. It reduces air pollution and is good for the atmosphere.
  5. It also reduces the dependency on foreign oil.
  6. It provides the land space for parking cars in the city.
  7. It reduces traveling cost and it also decreases fuel expenses.
  8. During the long traveling distances it helps to save money on toll.
  9. Get company during the journey and also increase the chances of developing relations strong with each other.
  10. Widely increases the ease of commuting that is why it is the better way to release-out stress during traveling.
  11. During carpool one can easily check and communicate with their friends and family, check emails, read news and it rejuvenates the body by taking a nap.
  12. It greatly saves the cost of road repair.

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for testing the quality of indoor and outdoor air that contain various pollutants. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Keep the mobile phones longer and save the environment

In our today’s lifestyle we cannot live even a single second without cell phones and become an important part of our life as these are the fastest means of communication and further, it helps people to connect with each other at any time and from anywhere. In other words, we can say this technology of communication is the boon, but, due to luxurious lifestyle people frequently used to replace their old mobile phones with the new one as an average in about 18 months. People have its addiction because there are so many features available in a single handy device and as the time passes these mobile gadgets continuously gaining attraction of people as well as many facilities. It is the communication, where a signal is transmitted via electromagnetic wave through radio frequency signals. While using cell-phone, electromagnetic radiations are produced in the form of heat, which consists of ionizing radiations and cause harmful effects. These radiations negatively affect the neurons near the ear and skull region and people using these electronic gadgets are prone to several issues like migraines, deafness, memory loss, headaches, burning skin, high blood pressure, hot ear, restlessness. Growing children absorb much more radiations from the mobile phone than adults and leads to smaller heads, higher tissue conductivity. Further, arsenic, lithium, cadmium, copper, lead, mercury and zinc are the poisonous components in mobile phones seep into the ground water when disposed in the landfills and disturbs food chain and cause several health issues. Dumping of mobile phones is not only hazardous, but manufacturing of new cell phones is also very dangerous and both are responsible for the changes in climatic conditions. People used to carry them in their pockets and mobile phone release radio frequency radiations that are greater risks of brain tumors. Lead, mercury, cadmium and hydrochloric acid are the hazardous toxic wastes emitted by the electronic devices into the environment when buried and burned improperly. People throw their old phones in the garbage which go to the land fill and ultimately toxic lead from coatings and nickel and cadmium from batteries reaches to the ground, water and air. These toxic heavy metals cause pollution and taken up through inhalation, drinking contaminated water and eating contaminated food which causes a weak immune system, renal failure, heart failure, lowered IQ, infertility and neurological disorders in human beings. People used to carry them in their pockets. However, Li-Ion batteries lacking heavy metals, but due to high chemical reactivity, can cause environmental pollution. Further, it is also responsible for underground fires and extinguishing of underground fires is not an easy task. So, it is our duty to encourage each and every person by organizing workshops, seminars, campaigns, etc. to take the responsibility for sending their old phones to the recycling organizations and help in protecting the environment in which we live.

save the environment

By following these steps, we can save the environment-

  1. Restrict the habit of frequently changing cell phones, this can save your money and time.
  2. If you want to upgrade your mobile phone then, give the old one to the needy person.
  3. If the life of the phone which you are using is finished, send it to electronic recycling organizations because it is very necessary to reuse, recycling and proper disposal of mobile phones to save the human health as well as the surrounding atmosphere.

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for heavy metal detection in air, water, and food products. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Radon –A radioactive indoor pollutant causes Lung cancer

Radon is a noble and radioactive gas produced naturally by decaying of radium present in the ores of uranium and rocks. As it is an inert gas, it does not produce any hazardous effects, but on radioactive disintegration alpha, beta and gamma particles are produced. Gamma particles are dangerous and can travel through the human body. It is an odourless, tasteless, highly toxic, invisible gas which is fairly soluble in water and organic solvents, seeps into the ground and from the ground it spread into the surrounding atmosphere. The Radon gas when released through the ground, diffuses into the atmosphere in the diluted form therefore, causes no harm. But in homes, it is found in more concentrated form and can be highly toxic to the health of the family members as, most of the houses and apartments have been constructed over the top of the radon producing rocks. On breaking down on radon gas it is converted into radioactive substances and releases energy which on absorbed by tissues, can destroy the DNA and thus elevated the risk of cellular damage and lung cancer. There is not a safe level for radon gas so, it’s long term effects on indoor air and increases the chances of cancer. By switching to healthy diet one can reduce the risks of several health related problems caused by the exposure of radon gas. Examples of such foods are- Broccoli, cabbage, green leafy vegetables, beet-root, kale, Brussels sprouts, green tea, dry fruits, seafoods, fruits, vitamin C and supplements of zinc and selenium. Now the question is how this toxic gas enters into the houses and changed the quality of indoor air? The air pressure in the soil is higher than that of indoor air pressure and this difference in concentration of air pressure is the easiest way for radon gas to enter into the house if there is any crack in the floor, walls, window casements, construction joints, gaps around the pipes, floor drains. The difference in air pressure varies from a house to house, the level can be analyzed by go through radon test because testing is the only best way to analyze the radon level in the indoor air, as there are no such signs to give an indication about the exposure. There are two methods for analyzing the percentage of a radon are- a radon test kit method, and by hiring a certified professional from a testing lab for conducting a radon test for at least 3 months. Radon gas testing was conducted in different industrial polluted cities of Haryana like Faridabad, Rewari, Gurugram (Gurgaon), Yamuna Nagar, Ambala, Panipat and Jagadhari. It was done because of the climatic conditions; it is very hot during summers and markedly cold in the winter season. The radon concentration is lower during rainy season and greater in winter than in summer because the ventilation and the exchange of air become very poor in winters. Limestone, slate stone, dolomite, building stone, china clay and marble are found in Haryana and at some places graphite and quartzite are also found. Further, Mountain and Shivalik hills are present in the north and southwest Haryana respectively, which can be a great source of radon gas.

indoor pollutant

If a high percentage of radon is evaluated in indoor air then these precautions should be taken

  1. A regular maintenance of the house is required by sealing all the cracks and holes in the walls, floors, around pipes and drains to avoid the health issues.
  2. Proper ventilation is important because the exchange of internal air is beneficial in reducing the radon level.
  3. By installing a pump that is used to withdraw radon gas from the from below the concrete flooring before it can admitted into the house.

Radon

Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for chemical and quality testing of indoor and outdoor air containing toxic pollutants. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Toxic ingredients in Air Fresheners- Choose natural alternatives

Different types and brands of air fresheners are now available in the market, which is greatly used by the consumers in their homes to emit a pleasant odour and eliminate foul smell. These are obtainable in the form of sprays, candles, oils, beads, and plug-ins and contain four basic chemical ingredients, such as formaldehyde, petroleum distillates, 1,4 dichlorobenzene and aerosol propellants for neutralizing the offensive smell and to create sweet odour. But according to some studies, these compounds are not only responsible for indoor pollution, but, also cause severe allergic reactions, asthma, and respiratory problems. Because home is a closed type of system in which these chemicals impair and trapped the internal air quality of the house and contributes health hazards. These chemicals also harm the pets in many ways.

Air Fresheners

Basic chemical ingredients cause several health hazards:

  1. Formaldehyde causes burning sensation in eyes, nose, throat and other mucous membranes and watery eyes, breathing problems, restlessness, nausea, asthmatic attacks.
  2. Petroleum distillates are responsible for air, soil and ground pollution and cause health issues like respiratory problems, asthma, chemical pneumonia, pulmonary heart diseases.
  3. Aerosol propellants contribute harmful effects on the ozone layer and so, indirectly harm the human health and causes risk of cancer, respiratory problems and several chronic health problems.
  4. P-dichlorobenzene, generally found in mothballs and so, responsible for anemia, skin lesions, liver damage, loss of appetite and changes in the composition of blood.

Perfumed chemicals are present in the air fresheners to emit fragrance which is also cause breathing problems and to minimize the health problems; natural and healthy substitutes for air fresheners are now being implemented to sweeten the atmosphere.

Natural options for air fresheners are:-

  1. Let the windows open for at least 2 hours for proper ventilation.
  2. Use baking soda as an odour absorbent.
  3. Simmer the whole spices like cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, black pepper to remove bad odour.
  4. Light camphor and put cloves and green cardamom over it, this will help to create pleasant aroma and purify the internal air by killing the disease-causing germs.
  5. Place citrus fruits like lemon, orange, sweet orange and embedded with some cloves.
  6. For eliminating foul smell, use various herbs and flowers.
  7. Use vinegar for cleaning the surfaces.
  8. Remove cooking smell by keeping a bowl of vinegar in the kitchen.
  9. Use of essential oil, vanilla essence for keeping the internal air quality good.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for chemical and quality testing of indoor and outdoor air that contain harmful substances. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Cloud Seeding – For Artificial Rain

Cloud seeding is the process of creating rain artificially with some of the modifications in weather conditions by using different chemical compounds like silver iodide, potassium iodide and dry ice (solid carbon dioxide) and liquid propane also used which expands into gaseous form. All these chemical substances dispersed into the air through aircrafts or dispersion devices which change the microphysical action of the clouds. These chemical substances could be fired into the clouds from the ground or more efficiently, released over the clouds from aircrafts with the cooperation of various professionals such as meteorologists, pilots, aircraft technicians, radar engineers etc. This technique is helpful in inducing the rainfall artificially by increasing the precipitation in the clouds; otherwise this process occurs naturally in the environment. In this process rainfall occurs when super cooled water droplets become too heavy to remain suspended in the air, fall and melts on their way to cause rain. This mechanism of cloud seeding has become a necessity in our country, where the agricultural practice is greatly dependent upon the rains and monsoons because natural rains and natural water bodies are not able to fulfilled the agricultural requirement and this steeply raising the demand of water, due to which ground water level is dropping swiftly. Snowfall occurs when the temperature ranges from -7 and 20°C within the clouds. Cloud seeding technique is the worthwhile means of getting maximum rain water at the time of need.

A good option for flushing toxic smog

This revolutionary technology is very effective, especially for farmers that are mostly affected by drought conditions. With the help of this technique needy farmer can able to grow and sell more crops and get rid of the adverse climatic conditions. It ultimately upgraded the overall economy of the country avoiding famine and boosting tourism in the developing nations, as a lot of countries in the world experiencing severe drought conditions.

Further, it can also be a solution of smog, as the artificial raining washes away the toxic smog particles effectively. We don’t experience any pollution in the monsoon, as the level of air pollution dropped to the safe level in the rainy season.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for testing water quality and along with the indoor and outdoor air quality. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Agricultural Fires Choke Whole Delhi

 In order to prepare fields for the next crop production, the previous crop residue should be burned or removed or incorporated into the field. Burning of crop residues has adverse effects such as a severe increase in air pollution, black carbon that may lead to changes in climatic conditions worldwide. In Punjab, farmers widely practiced the complete burning of the agricultural waste to prepare fields for the next crop than that of removal because complete removal is more expensive to the farmers than that of the burning process, also it instantly clears and cleans the field, it eradicates weeds including those which are resistant to the herbicide, it also erases pests and slugs, further, it can also reduce nitrogen tie-up.

pollution testing labs
But has several adverse effects on the environment such as loss of nutrients due to burning of the essential nutrients of soil, manifold increase in air pollution from smoke, mishaps occurs because of  zero visibility due to smoke, elevated the respiratory disorders, cause damage to electrical and electronic equipment from floating threads of conducting waste, risk of fires spreading when out of control, it also raised the soil temperature which destroys the beneficial organisms like fungi, pests, snake which ultimately raised the atmospheric CO2 which is a main cause of global warming.

Burning stalk residues can be avoided by implementing these practices like using chemicals which have a faster rate of disposing agricultural waste, compost can be prepared from the stalk waste, it can be used as mulching in the field, stalk residue can also be used to cover the field after sowing in order to develop seed germination, further, it can also be used to produce green coal and an animal feed.
Now to stop this burning process, it is the responsibility of our government to provide information on good and bad effects of burning of agricultural wastes to the farmers and other peoples by organizing campaigns and workshops, provide subsidy to the farmers for purchasing machinery like happy seeder, turbo seeder, shredder, bailing machine, zero seed cum fertilizer drill and if this burning practice occurs further then a strict legal action should be taken by the government.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for chemical and quality testing of indoor and outdoor air that contain harmful substances. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.

Smog Enveloped Delhi’s Atmosphere after Diwali Celebrations

Diwali is a lightning festival celebrated by Hindus and is a festival of sweets, but in recent times this celebration has been totally changed into a festival of crackers and fireworks. Bursting fire crackers is a great fun to enjoy this festival the most but simultaneously these crackers releases pollution that causes hazardous effects on the human health, animals and the environment. Children, pregnant women, newborn babies and old age people are more prone to the negative effects of crackers. So, it is advised to celebrate this great parv as crackers free Diwali. The loud and sudden noise produced by the firecrackers during Diwali festival damages the ear that result in deafness in the people exposed, increases heartbeat, blood pressure, risk of heart attack and sleeping disorders. Firecrackers during Diwali produce pollution that causes a severe damage to the environment and also leads to smog that can be described as a combination of Smoke and Fog. After Diwali the surrounding is completely filled with smog and displeasing smell that stimulates adverse effects on the total health. Smog can occur if there is neither wind nor rain, and it also inhibits the growth of plants and further, it causes serious damage to crops and forests.

Air Pollution

These firecrackers made up of harmful chemicals that diffused into the environment while bursting and elevated the risk of skin problems like itching, rashes, eye infections, sinusitis, respiratory disorders, reduced resistance to cold and lung infections, digestive problems, severe headache accidents and fire. Asthmatic persons are at a greater risk of overall health complications. Hence it is suggested to wear good quality face mask and avoid bursting of firecrackers during the Diwali occasion. Moreover, these firecrackers also raise global warming and increase garbage woes. So, it’s better to celebrate the Diwali festival in an eco-friendly manner by staying away from firecrackers.

Therefore, it’s a humble request to each and every person “say no to crackers” on Diwali or any other special occasions as it’s just equivalent to burning money. Let’s take an oath that we will celebrate the Diwali festival-2017 by organizing parties, get together, playing social games, meeting peoples, sharing gifts and sweets as, this change can bring our family closer during the occasions and further, this forwarding step will protect our planet, family members and makes everybody cheerful as well as intoxicated from the poisonous gases. Avoiding crackers will also protect our loved ones and will bring the family together during such occasions.

Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for chemical and quality testing of indoor and outdoor air that contain harmful substances. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.