Nickel is a heavy metal generally used for making magnets, buttons, zippers, watches, keys, jewelry, coins, stainless steel, electronics, and tools for various machines. An attractive appearance and beautiful mirror finish can be obtained by nickel plating. Nickel metal is greatly used in refining, electroplating and welding industries. Further, things having a shining appearance may contain nickel that is why most of the jewelry articles such as earrings, necklaces, bracelets, rings, chains, bangles, etc. consist of nickel, but people should avoid such jewelry and only choose nickel free jewelry. This is due to the release of nickel ions from the metals and easily reacts with the skin to cause skin allergy and eczema. Media should step forward in order to create public awareness and drawing attention of government towards reducing the metal toxicity and various health issues.
But, nickel is a toxic and carcinogenic metal and its exposure has a significant health issues as well as it create environmental pollution. Exposure to this metal leads to risk of several diseases like lung cancer, breast cancer, heart troubles, and neurological disorders, depression, hormonal imbalance, infertility, birth defects, miscarriage, fibrosis, skin irritation, dysfunctions of the liver and kidneys, high blood pressure and high levels of cholesterol. Moreover, workers who are supposed to inhale dust and fumes loaded with nickel are more prone to these above-mentioned disorders.
On the basis of the metal toxicity Government should take strict and necessary action for the safety of the common people and the environment-
- The Government should ban all the import and manufacturing of the jewelry which consist of toxic metals.
- Concerned departments should take immediate and strict action against towards the shopkeepers and jewelers who are involved in selling such toxic accessories.
- General awareness should be encouraged by the media, NGO’s and other government organizations, among the common people, shopkeepers, retailers, wholesalers and importers for not selling and purchasing the jewelries loaded with heavy and toxic metal.
- Government should establish the facilities of testing laboratories.
Spectro Analytical Lab offers all the facilities and instruments for detection of heavy metals in jewelry. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.