Wool is derived from sheep and contains lanolin, a kind of natural oil, which is responsible for causing allergies to several people. The most common wool allergy symptoms in the people include irritation, itching, rashes, and hives on the skin. It affects the eyes and leads to puffiness, itching as well as redness. It also causes nasal problems like running nose, sneezing, nausea, congestion and other problems related to respiratory tract. However, the people who are allergic to lanolin of wool also show the similar allergic reactions when exposed to the other products which contain lanolin such as wool wax, cosmetics and other personal products. However, only wool alone cannot be the actual cause of allergic reactions such as lumps and red bumps all over the skin, but due to the direct contact of wool with the skin generally causes itching and irritation because of the nature of the woollen garments.
In the process of manufacturing of woollen garments like sweaters, scarves, socks, jackets and gloves synthetic chemicals and colours are required. Both the chemicals and colours can be the reason for different allergic reactions to the people who are not familiar about the allergic reactions caused by synthetic chemicals and dyes used in the making process of woollens but do complain about wool allergies. These only trigger or accelerate the allergic reactions.
A person who is allergic to wool has the same kind of allergic response just like in the persons having an allergy due to pollens, dust and pets such as rashes on the body including face, arms, hands, feet, etc. This may appear immediately or may occur in a couple of days just after coming in the direct contact of wool.
Till date, there is no particular treatment for the allergic reactions of wool; however, some antihistamines and allergy shots can also be given to the patients at the onset of allergic symptoms. Further, persons should stop using those products which consist of wool if possible. So, to avoid such kind of allergy one should put cotton clothing in between the skin and the woollen garments and really it is enough to solve the itching problem.
Spectro Analytical Labs have fully accredited facilities for testing all the harmful and carcinogenic chemicals and dyes used in woollen garments. It also provides training and assistance in this regard.